The Person-centered approach was founded on the belief that the environment in which therapy is taking place should be a supportive, nurturing environment that allows the client to experience personal growth and self-discovery in order to reach their fullest potential (self-actualisation). The therapist supports the client in guiding the direction of their explorations, in the context of a therapeutic relationship in which the therapist is empathic (understanding the person’s point of view), congruent (genuine) and shows unconditional positive regard (non-judgemental).
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) focuses on developing a person’s understanding of how thoughts, feelings and behaviours are connected. CBT offers the opportunity to challenge unhelpful thought patterns and behaviours, whilst supporting an individual to understand and regulate their emotional responses. This approach is goal focused and is commonly used to help those who are experiencing anxiety and depression as recommended by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE).
Internal Family systems
I am currently training in the Internal Family Systems model which is described below by IFS UK.
“The Internal Family Systems (IFS) method is a way to understand your internal system and help it to transform and heal. IFS is based on the principle that there is an undamaged, resourceful self at the core of every person and that accessing and working with that self is a safe, effective way to heal other, hurt parts of the mind. These parts communicate and relate to each other as if they were an internal family—hence the name ‘Internal Family Systems’. The IFS method works to understand and heal those parts of the family that might be causing conflict or unhappiness, rather than suppressing or battling with them”.
(IFS UK website, October 2020)